Within Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967, Orthodox Judaism has politically largely become associated with an uncompromising stance concerning issues of territory and the Arab-Israel conflict. This has become an integral part of the ideologies and policies expressed by the national religious party and gush emunim . Over the years, however, a number of small, religious peace movements have been founded in an attempt to promote an alternative message based, also, on recourse to religious and theological sources. Oz ve-Shalom ("Strength and Peace") was founded in the 1970s by religious intellectuals as a religious response to Gush Emunim. The movement called for territorial compromise and for ending control over millions of Palestinians. It had only a minor influence on the religious population, and most of its impact was on the general Israeli public. In the wake of the Lebanon War of 1982, the Netivot Shalom ("Paths of Peace") Movement was founded as an umbrella organization consisting of members of Oz ve-Shalom and of members of yeshivot hesder (yeshivah studies combined with army service). Netivot Shalom was headed by rabbis such as aaron lichtenstein and Yehudah Amital, and by religious intellectuals such as Uriel Simon and aviezer ravitzky . Its members called for withdrawal from the territories in exchange for peace and emphasized humanistic values in light of religious sources. In 1988, a moderate religious political party, Meimad, was founded under the leadership of Rabbi Amital. This party failed to obtain the minimum number of votes necessary for a seat in the Knesset, and this was seen as a clear indication of the limited religious support for a moderate stance on the question of the territories. Meimad was reformed early in 1993 as an ideological and educational organization to lend support to the renewed peace process of the Rabin government, and later became an independent political party which then joined the Labor Party to form "One Israel." Following the Labor victory in the 1999 elections, Meimad's representative, rabbi michael melchior , served as a minister in Ehud Barak's government. In 1992, the Committee of Rabbis for Human Rights was formed and obtained some prominence in its support of Palestinian human rights. Unlike the other religious peace organizations, the Rabbis for Human Rights was composed of rabbis from all the major religious streams–Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: You Must Not Remain Indifferent (1988); D. Newman, in: L'eylah, 31 (1991), 4–10; T. Hermann & D. Newman, in: C. Liebman (ed.), Religious and Secular: Conflict and Accommodation between Jews in Israel (1992), 151–172. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Torah, Zionism, Peace: A Collection of Essays (Heb., 1982); "Oz V'Shalom: A   Moment Interview," in: Moment, 117 (1986), 25–30, 44–46; Y. Landau (ed.), Religious Zionism: Challenges and Choices (1986); Violence and the Value of Life in Jewish Tradition (1987). (David Newman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peace and conflict studies — Peace Research redirects here Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyses violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending social conflicts with a view towards understanding… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace Journalism — Peace Media , Conflict Resolving Media , Conflict Sensitive Journalism , Conflict Solution Journalism , Reporting the World , Constructive Conflict Coverage, and Peacebuilding Media redirect here. A comparison of peace journalism and war… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace movement — A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter human violence in a particular place or type of situation, often linked to the goal of achieving world peace.… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace Mala — Infobox Company | company name = Peace Mala company company type = Charitable organization slogan = Creative education that empowers and embraces all foundation = 2002, Cardiff, Wales, UK location = Morriston, Wales, UK founder = Pam Evans key… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious violence in India — includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting.[1] Religions such as Zoroastrianism and Judaism have survived peacefully with Hindus for… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious intellectualism in Iran — (in Persian: روشنفکری دينی) develops gradually and subtly. It reached its apogee during the Persian Constitutional Revolution (1906 11). The process involved numerous philosophers, sociologists, political scientists and cultural theorists.… …   Wikipedia

  • RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Religious violence — The Crusades were a series of a military campaigns fought mainly between Christian Europe and Muslims. Shown here is a battle scene from the First Crusade. Religious violence is a term that covers all phenomena where religion, in any of its forms …   Wikipedia

  • religious symbolism and iconography — Introduction       respectively, the basic and often complex artistic forms and gestures used as a kind of key to convey religious concepts and the visual, auditory, and kinetic representations of religious ideas and events. Symbolism and… …   Universalium

  • Religious Society of Friends — The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as the Quakers, was founded in England in the 17th century as a Christian religious denomination by people who were dissatisfied with the existing denominations and sects of Christianity.… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”